Total Knee Replacement

Knee Replacement

A Total Knee Replacement (TKR) or Total Knee Arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prosthesis.

The Knee Joint Replacement Surgery or Knee Arthroplasty is a surgical process in which the damaged knees are replaced by the artificial one. After this Total Knee Replacement Surgery, you can perform normal activities such as walking, climbing stairs, sitting or lying down easily. Joint Replacement Surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and help you resume normal activities.

The Knee is essentially made up of four bones the femur or thighbone is the bone connecting the hip to the knee the tibia shinbone connects the knee to the ankle. The patella (kneecap) is the small bone in front of the knee and rides on the knee joint as the knee bends the fibula is the shorter and thinner bone running parallel to the tibia on its outside. The joint acts like a hinge but with some rotation.

The knee is a synovial joint which means it is lined by synovium. The synovium produces fluid lubricating and nourishing the inside of the joint.

Types of knee replacement

  1. Total knee replacement
  2. Unicompartmental knee replacement

How your New Knee Is Different

You may feel some numbness in the skin around your incision. You also may feel some stiffness, particularly with excessive bending. These differences often diminish with time and most patients find these are minor compared to the pain and limited function they experienced prior to surgery.

After knee replacement operation, you should be able to bend your knee to the right angle (90 degrees) by 2-3 weeks. Restoration of full motion of your knee (heel touching buttock) is difficult to achieve. The motion of your knee replacement after surgery is predicted also by the motion of your knee before surgery. Most patients can expect to nearly fully straighten the replaced knee and to bend the knee sufficiently to go up and down the stairs and get in and out of a car. Since the scar is in front of the knee, kneeling can be uncomfortable but not harmful.

After surgery, make sure you also do the following:

  • Participate in regular light exercise programs to maintain proper strength and mobility of your new knee.
  • take special precautions to avoid falls and injuries.
  • Notify your dentist that you had a knee replacement. You should be given antibiotics before all dental surgery for the rest of your life.
  • See your orthopedic surgeon periodically for a routine follow-up examination and X-rays, usually once a year.

 

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

Surgical Procedure

The surgery itself takes about 90 minutes. However, preparation and anesthesia before surgery and recovery after surgery will keep you in operation theatre for about three hours. Your orthopedic surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone surface, then position a new metal and plastic joint surfaces to restore the alignment and function of your knee.

Many different types of designs and materials are currently used in artificial knee joints. These consist of two basic components: the femoral component (made of a highly polished strong metal), the tibial component (made of durable plastic held in a metal tray), and a patellar component (also plastic). Special surgical cement will be used to fill the gap between the prosthesis and remaining bone to secure the artificial joint.

Do I Need an Operation?

Yes, If you have;

  • Pain which disturbs your sleep.
  • Pain which does not allow you to walk even short distance.
  • Deformity of joint.
  • Stiffness of joint.
  • Instability of joint
  • Require walking aids
  • Inability to use Public transport
  • Inability to bend the Knee to right angle

Total Knee Replacement

Where To Find Us

Clinic Address :
The Destination Clinic,
Destination Center,
Magarpatta City, Hadapsar,
Pune, Maharashtra.

Phone : 020-26898686
Mobile : +91 83 0822-7816
Email : sinudoc@gmail.com

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