Total Joint Replacement SurgeryDr. Sinukumar Bhaskaran
Total Joint Replacement
This editorial is an introduction to total joint replacement surgery. Comprehensive information on specific types of joint replacement — such as for the hip, knee, shoulder, or wrist — can be start in separate articles devoted to those topics. Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called prosthesis. The prosthesis is planned to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint.
Hip and knee replacements are the mainly commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, as well, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.
When Is Total Joint Replacement Recommended?
Several conditions can root joint pain and disability and lead patients to consider joint replacement surgery. In several cases, joint pain is caused by damage to the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones (articular cartilage)—also from arthritis, a fracture, or another condition.
Except nonsurgical treatments like medications, physical therapy, and changes to your everyday actions do not relieve your pain and disability, your doctor may recommend total joint replacement.
Preparing for Surgery
In the weeks previous to your surgery, your surgical team and primary care doctor will spend time preparing you for your upcoming procedure. For case, your primary care doctor may check your general health, and your surgeon may require several tests — such as blood tests and a cardiogram — to help plan your surgery.
Here are also many things you can do to prepare. Talk to your doctor and ask questions.
Arrange yourself physically by eating right and exercising. Get steps to manage your first weeks at home by arranging for help and obtaining assistive items, such as a shower bench, handrails, or a long-handled richer. Through planning ahead, you can help ensure a smooth surgery and speedy recovery.
Total joint replacement surgery takes a few hours. The method is performed in a hospital or outpatient surgery center.
Throughout the surgery, the damaged cartilage and bone is removed from your joint and replaced with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The prosthesis mimics the shape and movement of a natural joint. For example, in an arthritic hip, the injured ball (the upper end of the femur) is replaced with a metal ball attached to a metal stem that is fitted into the femur, and a plastic socket is implanted keen on the pelvis, replacing the damaged socket.
Your doctor will clarify the potential risks and complications of total joint replacement, including those associated to the surgery itself and those that can occur over time after your surgery. Most complications can be treated successfully. A few of the more common complications of joint replacement surgery include infection, blood clots, nerve injury, and prosthesis harms like loosening or dislocation.
Additional information on preventing complications:
Joint Replacement Infection
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Revival and rehabilitation will be different for each person. In common, your doctor will encourage you to use your “new” joint shortly after your operation. While it may be challenging at times, following your doctor’s instructions will speed your recovery.
Mainly patients will experience some temporary pain in the replaced joint because the surrounding muscles are weak from inactivity, the body is adjusting to the new joint, and the tissues are curative. This pain should decide in a few months.
Do exercises is an important part of the recovery process. Your physician or doctor therapist will provide you with specific exercises to help restore movement and strengthen the joint. But you have any questions about limitations on your activities after total joint replacement, please consult your doctor.